Dental crowns are used for several restorative and cosmetic dental treatments. Whether you require a larger than normal filling, had a root canal, damaged your tooth, or want to improve the appearance of a tooth, crowns provide a secure “cap” to protect your tooth.
The cap protects your tooth from further damage, but can also be used for strictly cosmetic purposes. Crowns are a very natural looking option that also helps you maintain a healthy chew and bite. If you require a crown, here’s what to expect during treatment.
At your first visit, we first want to establish a number of things. We want to look at the overall health of the tooth. We will look for decay and decide if there is injury or infection that will affect the pulp of the tooth. If there is an infection, chances are you will first need a root canal treatment.
In order to apply the crown, the tooth will need to be reshaped so the crown can fit over the tooth and between your other teeth. The reshaping will remove some of your natural tooth from the top and sides. If there is decay it will be treated at this time as well.
If decay is severe or the tooth is damaged, it might be decided there is not enough of your natural tooth in place. If this happens, we can use a filling material to provide more substance so the crown can be held in place properly. This is preferred to removing the tooth altogether, as you will have the security of your natural root.
During your first visit, we also create an impression of the shaped tooth. This will ensure that the crown will fit over your teeth correctly. We use a comfortable, digital scanner to make the impressions the impressions. You simply bite down, and the putty will retain the shape of your tooth.
We will consider all the aesthetics for your crown, including the natural fit and colour. Because you want the crown to appear as natural as possible, we will make the closest colour match to your natural teeth as possible, so it does not stand out once it is inserted.
Before you leave our office, we will prepare a temporary crown, which is placed over your tooth. This will provide protection while your crown is being crafted. You do have to be careful with the temporary crown as it will not be as sturdy as the crown. We cannot permanently affix it as we have to remove it easily when your permanent crown arrives.
The impression is sent to a dental technician or laboratory where it will be crafted. This can take up to seven days but can be quicker when 3-D technology is used.
At your second appointment, your crown can be inserted. We will first remove the temporary crown. We will then inspect the crown to make sure it meets all the specifications. It will also be tested for fit and colour. Once we are satisfied with the look and fit, we can cement it in place.
We will use a local anesthetic to keep you comfortable. Dental cement is usually used, but in some cases, we might want to make some final adjustments to the crown or shape of your tooth. We want to ensure everything is comfortable, so you don’t encounter discomfort or have issues with your bite. A poor bite can lead to uses down the line.
Benefits of Crowns
There are many benefits for dental crowns, including:
- They support your natural tooth if it has suffered significant damage or decay.
- They protect your tooth from further damage.
- They cover up your restored tooth following a root canal.
- They can be used to hold a severely cracked or broken tooth together.
- They can be used for cosmetic purposes to change your tooth’s shape or cover imperfections.
- They look and feel like natural teeth.
Dental crowns are also an excellent good long-term option thanks to their durability. They can last from five to 15 years when properly cared for. Crowns have a high success rate and make an excellent restoration option.
Disadvantages to Crowns
When it comes to cosmetic treatments, we can discuss the pros and cons for your particular situation. This is because one of the disadvantages is the need to reshape the tooth. This is not reversible, which means your tooth will be permanently affected and will always require a crown to hide the changes.
Although the crown is firmly affixed with strong dental cement, in some cases, it can become loose or fall out. This occurs over time, but the crown can be fixed if this should happen.
As you can see, a crown offers an excellent option whether you need a restoration or cosmetic treatment.
If you would like more information about dental crowns, call Guelph Family Dentistry at (888) 588-1691 or contact us here.